By Peter L. Lutz

Peter Lutz, PhD, brilliantly traverses the most important milestones alongside the evolutionary direction of biomedicine from earliest recorded occasions to the sunrise of the 20 th century. With an attractive narrative that may have you ever turning "just yet another web page" good into the evening, this ebook revealingly demonstrates simply how the fashionable clinical strategy has been formed by way of the previous. alongside the best way the reader is taken care of to a few delightfully imprecise anecdotes and a treasure trove of wealthy illustrations that chronicle the tortuous background of biomedical advancements, starting from the unusual and fun to the downright macabre. The reader can also be brought to the most important principles shaping modern body structure and the social context of its improvement, and in addition achieve an knowing of ways advances in organic technological know-how have sometimes been improperly used to fulfill short-term social or political wishes.

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Some tissues, however, such as the brain, liver, and lung, in addition, also had a deposit of nutriment, called “parenchyma,” a term still used today. As we shall see, this theory of nutrition, and its variants, appear and reappear in later history. Blood as food formed the basis of Erasistratus’s theory of illness. An overabundance, or flooding, of the veins with blood (plethora), was thought to be the main cause of disease. As the plethora increased, the limbs would swell, there would be local inflammation and fever, and organ function would be mechanically impeded.

Another analogy was the painter who first sketches the outline, then applies more detail with color for the final product. Aristotle’s embryogenesis is illustrated in Fig. 4, where can be seen: (A) the menstrual blood gathered in the womb; (B) the hot semen, with flames, coagulating the blood; (C) the appearance of the blood vessels; (D) the first moving principle, the heart; (F) the “sketch” outline of the child and (G) the child sculpted in more detail. This process of embryological development, from the simple to the complex, was called epigenisis.

In the Republic, he declared that the starry heavens are to be apprehended by reason and intel- ligence, not by sight. He taught that we see only the superficial appearances, reflections or shadows of perfect forms (the archetypes) of objects. Plato speculates on the structure of living forms. ” Plato had strong opinions on sex and sexual appetite. The problem was the uncontrollable, willful, sexual organs, which appeared to have minds of their own. ” The uterus, in particular, roamed about women’s bodies, leaping from place to place.

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