By George W. Gawrych
Winner of a 2014 distinct ebook Award from The Society of army heritage and Shortlisted for the 2014 Longman-History this present day publication Prize- Mustafa Kemal â€“ latterly and higher referred to as AtatÃ¼rk - is definitely the towering determine of contemporary Turkish historical past. yet what used to be his route to energy? and the way did his early profession as a soldier within the Ottoman military have an effect on his later judgements as President? The younger AtatÃ¼rk tracks the lesser lined interval of Kemal's lifestyles â€“ from the battle of Independence to the founding of the Republic - and indicates that it's only through realizing Kemal's army occupation that one could totally understand how he developed as one of many 20th century's such a lot awesome statesmen. Delving into Kemal's army writings, orders, and political judgements, speeches, proclamations and personal correspondences, this booklet offers a rounded and nuanced portrait of the making of an incredible statesman.
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Additional info for The Young Atatürk: From Ottoman Soldier to Statesman of Turkey
65 Mustafa Kemal was clearly committed to continuing his military education in the field. His intellectual interests continued to be broader than just military subjects. There are references to German poet Schiller and his play William Tell, as well as to the French kings Louis XIV and XV. For a brief period, Kemal read a novel by Ahmed Midhat to a fellow officer, who sometimes drifted off to sleep. 67 One book especially caught Kemal’s interest: a seventy-nine-page translation on Benjamin Franklin.
For his part, Mustafa Kemal gained limited experience in large-scale operations as a staff officer, but he directly participated in the army’s poor performance and defeat. 111 Conclusion Mustafa Kemal possessed a passion for learning, and his intellectual interests were broad and serious, incorporating military and non-military subjects. In the field, he demonstrated a dedication to professionalism and excellence through continued serious self-study as well as in the rigor and energy with which he approached education and training exercises as a commanding or staff officer.
Men, in this conception, lacked the need for the Islamic right of divorce. 73 The intellectual currents of materialism, scientism, positivism, and Social Darwinism—ideas popular among the Young Turks—shaped Kemal’s thoughts and Weltanschauung, though it is not clear when exactly and how. Mustafa Kemal came to believe in science as a panacea for transforming society. Science trumped religion, with 20 the making of an ottoman soldier the aim of the eventual privatization of Islam. With this belief came faith in the power of reason, logic, and the scientific method based on the superiority of Western civilization.