By Hans-Peter Stahl

Stahl's vintage e-book on Thucydides is likely one of the such a lot profound and broadly revered glossy reports of the Athenian historian. released in German in 1966 as Thukydides: Die Stellung des Menschen im geschichtlichen Prozess, it has, before, now not been to be had in English. For this new version, the unique has been revised and enlarged via chapters which mirror the author's next paintings. Stahl's fulfillment is, first, to unfastened Thucydides from the nationalist limits which smooth interpreters imposed, then to illustrate the method wherein Thucydides constructs his paintings as an interaction, utilizing narrative to touch upon the speeches of politicians, to verify or, extra frequently, to refute his audio system' research. the writer is Mellon Professor of Classics on the collage of Pittsburgh.

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1 Phoenice. The capture by King Agron of this strategic northern Epirote city in 230 bce gave the Illyrians the confidence that made them a threat to the region—and so brought them into collision with Rome. Agron died a short while later, reputedly from pleurisy contracted after the over-enthusiastic celebration of his victories. 3 Teuta inherited a critical situation. Following the loss of Phoenice, the Epirotes had joined the Aetolian–Achaean alliance, and their new allies dispatched an army north as soon as they could.

Each officer had different responsibilities: if it was a matter of food supply to the city of Rome, the Senate would turn to an aedile; if it was a matter of making war, it would turn to a consul. Rome was governed, then, by an elite, with a relatively small number of families repeatedly holding a proportionately large number of senior offices. They even kept all the most important priesthoods to themselves, to prevent the emergence of a powerful priestly estate. They fought together, dined together, shared cultural interests, intermarried, adopted one another’s sons, and loaned one another money.

This is not to say that Rome was the aggressor in every war it fought, but the facts remain: Rome was almost continuously at war in the early and middle Republic (500–150 bce, in round numbers), every opportunity for war that the Senate offered was accepted by the people of Rome, and the benefits were recognized by all. The report the Coruncanii, or the survivors of their mission, brought back to Rome fell on receptive ears. There can be little doubt that there were voices in the Senate pushing for eastern expansion too.

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